Ammunition kept on stock for a long while often shows defects, like:

  • Oxidation of cartridge, bullet or primer (especially: dezincification of brass)
  • Damp wood, cardboard or paper packages
  • Dents, deep scratches or slanted bullet tips

Not necessarily all ammunition with expired shelf life must be wasted. When applying a fitting inspection mechanism there appear three categories for sorting:

  • A: good condition, re-pack and put on stock again
  • B: signs of ageing visible – but still good for training purposes
  • C: heavy defects – demilitarize, discard / apply recycling methods to get back raw materials

The sorting is applied fully automatic by means of optical inspection.


Examination of ammunition for manufacturing defects, shelfwear and metal oxidation.